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The clothes worn by the Algonquians and the Iroquoians were very similar. Differences in style were mainly due to the resources available locally. However, decorative items and motifs varied from nation to nation.

To make clothing, the women used stone tools (scrapers and knives) and awls made of bone. When they worked with furs, they cut off as little as possible in order to retain the original shape.

Ceremonial garments were worn during trade gatherings. They were made from the same animal hides as everyday clothing, but were much more decorative. Jewellery and other adornments were also worn at these encounters. They could be made from bone, wood, animal teeth or claws, shells, clay or copper.